Metabolic Disease

Ascities is a metabolic disease of poultry associated with inadequate supplies of oxygen, poor ventilation and physiology usually casing pulmonary vasoconstriction. This disease has a complex etiology and is predisposed by the reduced ventilation, high altitude and respiratory disease. Morbidity and mortality ranges around 1-5% and 1-2% respectively.

Clinical signs and symptoms:

  • Sudden deaths in rapidly developing birds.
  • Poor development.
  • Progressive weakness and abdominal distension.
  • Recumbency.
  • Dyspnoea.
  • Possibly cyanosis.


  • Liver enlargement.
  • Spleen small.
  • Ascites.
  • Pericardial effusion.
  • Microscopic – cartilage nodules increased in lung.
  • Thickening of right-side myocardium.
  • Dilation of the ventricle.
  • Thickening of atrioventricular valve.
  • General venous congestion.
  • Severe muscle congestion.
  • Lungs and intestines congested.


Diagnosis depends majorly upon the history, clinical findings in correlation to the lesion observed. A cardiac specific protein (Troponin T) may be measured in the blood. This may offer the ability to identify genetic predisposition. Differentiate from broiler Sudden Death Syndrome and bacterial endocarditis.


Improve ventilation, vitamin C supplement , reduce the ration protein ratio. Etc


Improving ventilation, and control over the respiratory disease.

I am text block. Click edit button to change this text. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Ut elit tellus, luctus nec ullamcorper mattis, pulvinar dapibus leo.

Article by